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Botanical Name:
Rosmarinus officinalis

Other Names
Sea Dew, Our Lady's Rose, Rosemarine


wonder herb

tonic and relaxant

Click on thumbnail to see pictures for identification.


Latin Name:
Rosmarinus officinalis

Other Names  
Sea Dew, Our Lady's Rose, Rosemarine

Parts Used
Above ground portion


Perennial Herb from the Mint (Labiatae) family.

Rosemary is a bushy evergreen shrub with aromatic linear leaves, native to the Mediterranean basin and Portugal,

The Latin ros marinus, means 'dew of the sea' as the plant grows well near the Mediterranean sea coast and sea foam sprays upon it. 

Overview and Mythology.

Rosemary has long been considered a symbol of friendship and loyalty -- 'Rosemary is for remembrance'.  Rosemary has been used in Europe since ancient times as a tonic, stimulant, and carminative to treat dyspepsia, headaches, and nervous tension Ancient Greek scholars would wear laurels of Rosemary on their heads to improve memory and concentration when taking examinations.  In China, rosemary preparations have been used for centuries for the same purposes especially to treat headaches In weddings, brides would wear a wreath of Rosemary and carry it in their bridal bouquets so that they would remember their families and their marriage vows. It was also used at funerals and religious ceremonies as protection from evil and to remember the dead.  It was often buried with the dead as well. Indeed its antiseptic aroma could help prevent the spread of infection.  During the sixteenth century, Europeans carried pouches of Rosemary to ward off the plague. The branches were strewn in legal courts to prevent the spread of typhus

The approved modern therapeutic applications for Rosemary leaf are supportable based on its long history of use in well established systems of traditional medicine, in vivo and in vitro pharmacological studies in animals, and on well documented phytochemical investigations

A study done at Rutgers State University found that Rosemary had preservative qualities more powerful and safer than the common food additives

1.BHA [Butylated Hydroxyanisole -Butylated Hydroxyanisole is a Synthetic Antioxidant commonly used as a Food Preservative in Processed Foods but also utilized as a food supplement.]

2. BHT[Butylated Hydroxytoluene is an Antioxidant food preservative that is also used as a dietary supplement.BHT alleviates the after-effects of Alcohol consumption]

Rosemary Contains these Substances

Alpha-Hydroxy Acids:           Glycolic Acid                           

Bioflavonoids:          Apigenin, Diosmin, Luteolin                

Minerals:          Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Sodium, Potassium                       

Organic Acids: {triterpenes}          Carnosic Acid, Oleanic Acid, Rosmaric Acid,

Rosmarinic Acid - Rosmarinic Acid is a  potent Antioxidant. it inhibits the activity of Elastase (an Enzyme that catalyzes the breakdown of Elastin)  

Ursolic Acid -        

1.     strengthens the Capillaries.

2.     Ursolic Acid alleviates Edema.

3.     Ursolic Acid inhibits HIV Protease (an enzyme involved in the replication of the HIV virus that causes Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)).            Ursolic Acid alleviates Allergies (it inhibits Mast Cell degranulation and Histamine release from Mast Cells in the presence of Antigens).

4.     Ursolic Acid possesses Antioxidant properties.

5.     Ursolic Acid helps to alleviate Enlarged Prostate.

6.     Ursolic Acid increases the body’s production/activity of Catalase.


Other sources of ursolic acid – Sage, Thyme, Holy Basil  
Olive Oil                

Volatile Oils: 

Borneol, Camphene ,Camphor, Carnosol, Carvacrol, Cineol, Epirosmanol, Isorosmanol,  Linalol, Pinene, Rosmanol

[Rosmanol is a potent Antioxidant (its Antioxidant activity is approximately four times greater than that of the synthetic Antioxidant, Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT)], Thymol, Verbenol.                   

Carvone, Rosmaricine, Safrole,Terpinen

Dosage Recommendations
Most herbalists recommend 3 - 12 grams of Rosemary per day for therapeutic purposes.  

Tea, Tincture, Capsules

Medicinal Actions  
Anodyne, Antibacterial, Antidepressant, Antifungal, Anti-inflammatory, Antioxidant, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Aromatic, Astringent, Cardiotonic, Carminative, Cholagogue, Circulatory Stimulant, Decongestant, Diaphoretic, Digestive Tonic, Diuretic, Emmenagogue, Hypertensive, Nervine, Rejuvenative, Stimulant, Stomach Tonic, Tonic.

Used in the following internal illnessess

Anxiety, Asthma, Debility, Depression, Dyspepsia, Epilepsy, Fatigue, Flatulence, Food Poisoning, Headache, Rheumatism, Stress, Vertigo

Health Benefits of Rosemary
Cardiovascular System
Rosemary improves Blood Circulation.
Rosemary decreases the permeability and fragility of the Capillaries (due to Diosmin).
Rosemary (leaf extracts) lowers Blood Pressure in Hypertension patients.

Digestive System
Rosemary stimulates the flow of Bile.
Rosemary (infusion used as a mouthwash) alleviates Halitosis.
Used internally for flatulence, feeling of distension, and mild cramp-like gastrointestinal and biliary upsets

Excretory System
Rosemary increases the production and flow of Urine (i.e. it functions as a diuretic). 

Rosemary (infusion applied topically to the Hair) enhances and highlights the Hair Color of brunettes and redheads.

Rosemary (oil massaged into the Scalp or Rosemary infusion used as a shampoo) helps to prevent Hair Loss (by stimulating the activities of Hair Follicles).

Immune System
Rosemary alleviates Allergies (due to the Ursolic Acid content of Rosemary inhibiting Mast Cell degranulation and Histamine release from Mast Cells in the presence of Antigens). 

Rosemary helps to prevent Breast Cancer (due to the Carnosol content of Rosemary)

Rosemary kills some forms of Detrimental Bacteria (due to its Volatile Oil components). 

Rosemary inhibits some types of Detrimental Fungi. 

Rosemary contains several potent Antioxidants (including Carnosol and Rosmanol). 

Musculoskeletal System
Rosemary alleviates Gout (due to its diuretic properties).
Rosemary (oil applied topically) soothes aching Muscles.
Rosemary alleviates Rheumatism.

Nervous System

Rosemary is a Central Nervous System (CNS stimulant:

Rosemary (oil utilized in Aromatherapy) increases the generation of Beta Waves by the Brain (Beta Waves are associated wakefulness/Attention).

Rosemary alleviates Headaches of nervous origin.

Rosemary (Rosemary tea consumed internally) improves Memory.

Rosemary (applied topically to the Teeth/Gums) temporarily alleviates the pain associated with Toothache.

Respiratory System

Rosemary alleviates the symptoms of Emphysema.

Sexual System - Female

Rosemary facilitates and regulates Menstruation.

Rosemary Enhances the Function of these Substances

Rosemary increases the activity of Quinone Reductase (in the Liver).  

Rosemary Inhibits these Potentially Toxic Substances

Rosemary (weakly) inhibits the activity of Elastase (an enzyme that catalyzes the breakdown of Elastin) (due to the Rosmarinic Acid content of Rosemary). 

External Medicinal Use

Balding, Canker Sores, Capillary Weakness, Dandruff, Gingivitis, Gray Hair, Headache, Insect Repellent, Muscle Soreness, Neuralgia, Sciatica, Sore Throat


Skin toner as a rejuvenative. Important ingredient in Queen of Hungary water, a popular beauty tonic.  When used on the skin it helps to strengthen the capillaries.

Sachets of dried Rosemary are placed in a pillowcase to stimulate dreams. Bath herb acts as a rejuvenative and helps sore muscles.

Gargle for sore throat, gum ailments, canker sores and breath freshener.


Used in shampoos and conditioners for dandruff, dark hair premature graying and hair loss.

It is a potpourri ingredient that repels moths.

Essential oil is used in perfume, toothpaste, insect repellants and massage oil, as well as a liniment for neuralgia, sciatica and sore muscles.

Add a few drops of Rosemary oil to a freshly washed hairbrush for delightfully aromatic hair.

Pungent, Bitter, Warm, Dry

Contra indications and side effect
None known.

Avoid excessively large doses which can cause miscarriage, convulsions and -- if one really pushes it - death.

Interactions with Other Drugs
None known.

Use During Pregnancy and Lactation
Not recommended during pregnancy. No restrictions known during lactation

Doctrine of signatures
Rosemary grows best in light dry soils and chalky and stony ground. The habitat led early herbalists to use it against {obstruction in the viscera}, which also led to its use in kidney dis-ease.
Its aroma led it to be used for nervousness and its efficacy in mental relaxation and memory evolved.

Sun in Aries

Affects 2nd, 3rd, 6th chakra.