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Yarrow

Botanical Name  
Achillea Millefoilium

Other Names
Milfoil, Soldier's Woundwort, Herba Militaris, Carpenter's Weed, Bloodwort, Staunch Weed, Nosebleed, Thousand Leaf Gandana (Sanskrit), Ichi Kao (Chinese).

 

Yarrow flower.jpg (5837 bytes)

yarrow close jpg.jpg (22375 bytes)

Click on thumbnail to see pictures for identification.

Name   
Yarrow

Botanical Name
Achillea Millefoilium

Other Names
Milfoil, Soldier's Woundwort, Herba Militaris, Carpenter's Weed, Bloodwort, Staunch Weed, Nosebleed, Thousand Leaf Gandana (Sanskrit), Ichi Kao (Chinese)

Family
Asteraceae
Daisy (Compositae) family


Parts Used 
Above ground portion.

Description
Yarrow is a perennial, creeping Herb with tough, erect, furrowed stems.

Overview
  and Mythology.
Its English common name is a corruption of the Anglo-Saxon name gearwe ; the Dutch, yerw. The genus name, Acillea, is named after Achilles, the Greek hero, who was taught Herbology by the centaur Chiron, who was said to have used Yarrow to staunch the bleeding of the warrior's wounds during the Trojan war (1200 B.C The species name millefolium is Latin for 'thousand leaves'
For clairvoyance people in France and Ireland, hold Yarrow over their eyes.
Dried stalks were used to throw the I Ching, an ancient Chinese system for guidance and wisdom.
The Druids used Yarrow stems to foretell the weather.
It is  added to a compost pile to accelerate its breakdown.
When Yarrow is grown in the garden, it helps other plants nearby become more disease resistant.
Yarrow is used to flavor tobacco and as a snuff.

Distribution
Native to Europe, Asia, and North America, now distributed in the temperate zone worldwide. The material used in Ayurvedic medicine grows wild in the Himalayan mountains from Kash
mir to Kumaon
Yarrow adapts itself to new surroundings and can change its morphology and chemical composition significantly, depending on its environment. New subspecies evolve by polyploidy (changes in chromosome number). The subspecies can be differentiated by their chromosome numbers.

Energetics.
Bitter, Cool, Dry, Pungent, Sweet

Constituents.
Essential oil  Achillin (a proazulene),
 Azulene (azulene works  by inhibiting the release of histamine and by inhibiting the production of inflammatory leukotrienes - leucotrines are fatty acids which act as hormones in the body. Have an effect on  ion metabolism, renal and reproductive function, traumatic, inflammatory, immunologic , vascular, airway and gut responses.-
[azulene has anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties] ). 
 Borneol, Camphor, b-Caryophyllene, Camphene, Cineole, Eucalyptol, Eugenol, Linalool, Pinene, Sabinene, Thujone)
Sesquiterpene Lactones composed of Guaianolides, mainly Achillitin (aid in blood coagulation), Achillin, Leucodin, and germAcranolides (dihydroparthenolide, Achillifolin millefin);

Organic acids: Isovalerianic acid, Caffeic acid, Salicylic acid [anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving constitutents], 

Aminoacids   Alanine, Histidine, Leucine, Lysine

Fattyacids  Linoleic, Palmitic, Oleic .

Alkaloids And Bases    Achiceine, Achilleine, Betaine, Choline  

Sugars   Dextrose, Glucose, Mannitol, Sucrose

Vitamins  Ascorbic acid, Folic acid

Polyphenols:            Flavonoids     Apigenin, Luteolin, Rutin, Quercitin, Kaempferol. It is possible that its anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic properties are due to its flavonoid content.

Achilleic acid [aid in blood clotting time and may be anti cancer agent]   
Alkanes (tricosane)
Polyacetylenes;saponins
Sterols(b-sitosterol)

Caledivain       
Caryophyllene

Lactones

Hydroxycoumarins    

Formic acid
Asparagin
aid in blood coagulation.  Tannins.            34%
Bitters: Ivain      
Minerals: Potassium, calcium, sulphur, sodium, iron   

Dosage Recommendations
Infusion: 15 g in 150 ml boiled water for 10 to 15 minutes, three times daily between meals

Internal Applications.  
Tea, Tincture, Capsules

Medicinal Actions
Anti Allergenic,  Antibiotic, Antimicrobial, Antineoplastic,  Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Astringent, Carminative, Cholagogue, Choleretic, Cicatrigent, (Accelerates Formation Of Scar Tissue, Decreases Clotting Time,  Diaphoretic,  Digestive Tonic,  Diuretic,  Emenagogue (Restores Menstrual Flow), Eupeptic (Digestive Aid),  Febrifuge, General Stimulation, Haemostatic, Hepatic, Hypotensive, Purifies Blood, Sedative, Stimulant, Stomach Tonic, Stops Nose Bleeds, Toothache, Urinary Antiseptic-used in cystitis.

Used in the following internal illnesses
Anorexia, Appetite loss, Bright's disease, Catarrh, Chickenpox, Colds, Coronary thrombosis, Cramps, Cystitis, Diarrhea, Dysentery, Dysmenorrhea (its antispasmodic property), Earache, Fevers, Kidney disorders, Eczema, Enteritis, Fever, Flatulence, Hyperacidity, Internal bleeding, Flu, Gastritis, Hay fever, Hemorrhages, Hepatitis, Hot flushes, Kidney inflammation, Measles, Menorrhagia, Placenta delivery, Pneumonia, Postpartum hemorrhage, Purifies the blood, Regulates menses, Rheumatism, Shigella (dysentery), Skin irritations, Stimulates the flow of bile, Smallpox, Thrombosis, Toothaches  

Health Benefits of Yarrow
Cardiovascular System

Yarrow helps to prevent abnormal Blood Clotting.

Digestive System
Yarrow (tea) alleviates Colic
Yarrow alleviates the symptoms of Colitis.
Yarrow alleviates Diarrhea. 

Excretory System
Yarrow induces Perspiration (i.e. it functions as a diaphoretic).
Yarrow stimulates the production of Urine (i.e. it functions as a diuretic).

Immune System
Yarrow inhibits Bacillus subtilis.  
Yarrow alleviates the symptoms of Measles.
Yarrow reduces the symptoms of Smallpox.

Metabolism
Yarrow lowers elevated Blood Sugar (Glucose) levels and preserves Glycogen levels in Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 patients. 

Respiratory System
Yarrow (tea) alleviates Hay Fever. 

Sexual System
Yarrow (tea) alleviates the Pain associated with Pre-Menstrual Syndrome (PMS) (according to some European doctors).  

Skin
Yarrow restricts Sebum secretion and helps to close the Pores of the Skin.
Yarrow (extract derived from simmering flowers and leaves) suppresses Skin Inflammation, cleanses the Skin, sloughs off dead Skin Cells and helps to close the Pores of the Skin.

Yarrow Interferes with these Substances
Minerals
Yarrow interferes with the absorption of Iron.

External Medicinal Use
Asthma, Balding, Bleeding, Eczema, Gingivitis, Hay Fever, Hemorrhoids, Insect Repellent, Leucorrhoea, Migraine, Nosebleeds, Oily Skin, Toothache, Varicose Veins, Wounds

External Applications.
Sitz bath: 100 g yarrow per 20 liters (5 gallons) of warm or hot water, just enough to cover the hips with the knees up; wrap upper body in towels; soak 10 to 20 minutes, rinse

Poultice of fresh leaves helps to stop bleeding of wounds and cuts.
Fresh leaves are placed in the nose to stop nosebleeds and treat migraines.
Use as a bath herb.
Treat asthma and hay fever by inhaling herb while boiling in water.
Makes a facial steam and toner for oily skin.
Wash for eczema.
Rub Yarrow on the skin to repel insects. 
Compress for varicose veins.
Hair rinse for hair loss.
Enema or compress for hemorrhoids.
Chew fresh leaf for a toothache.
Mouthwash for inflamed gums.
Douche for leucorrhoea.
Poultice for spider bites.
Place herb on rocks in a sauna or sweat lodge

Contra indications and side effect
Rare
Overuse may cause skin photosensitivity, dizziness and headaches in some people.  
May cause urine to appear brownish, which is no cause for alarm.

Use During Pregnancy And Lactation.
Not recommended during pregnancy
Yarrow can help deliver the placenta
immediately after birth 

Interactions with Other Drugs.
None known.

Doctrine of signatures
Creeping root system --indicates use in blood ailments
Many segmented leaf shows use in a multitude of dis eases
Fine silky hairs on leaves shows use in skin maladies.

Astrology.
Libra
Influenced by Venus, Mars, Moon

Chakra
Every Chakra - indeed one of the wonder herbs.

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