Salvia apiana (White Sage)
Garden Sage, Red Sage, Shu-wei-tsao (Chinese),
Sage is from the Mint (Labiatae) family.
Leaves and flowering tips.
Sage is a perennial shrub often used for culinary
introduced to North America during the seventeenth century. The genus
name Salvia is derived from the Latin salvere (to be saved
or'to be in good health'),
in reference to its curative properties. is 'Cur moriatur homo
cui Salvia cresit in horto?' translated as 'Why should a man die who has
Sage in his garden?' Growing
Sage in the Medieval garden was a sign of prosperity.
It was also a sign that if the plant flourished, the woman ruled
This species was used in
ancient Egyptian, Greek, and Roman medicines. Ancient Egyptians used it
as a fertility drug. Pliny the Elder (ca. 23–79 C.E.) reported that
sage enhanced memory functions.
In the first century C.E. Greek physician Dioscorides reported
that the aqueous decoction of sage stopped bleeding of wounds and
cleaned ulcers and sores. He also recommended sage juice in warm water
for hoarseness and cough. Its uses in traditional Greek medicine spread
to India, where the dried and fluid extract are used in traditional
Indian Ayurvedic medicine,
Native to the
Mediterranean rim. Cultivated in Albania, Turkey, Greece, Italy, France,
the United Kingdom, and the United States.
Bitter, Cool, Drying, Pungent
Organic Acids:(Phenolic acid)
Caffeic acid, Carnosic acid, Chlorogenic acid, Ferulic acid, Gallic
acid, Labiatic Acid, Rosmarinic acid.
Oleanolic acid inhibits the ability of Paracetamol to damage the Liver.
Ursolic Acid Strengthens the Capillaries. Alleviates Edema
Inhibits HIV Protease (an enzyme involved in the replication of the HIV
virus that causes Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)).
Alleviates Allergies (it inhibits Mast Cell degranulation and Histamine
release from Mast Cells in the presence of Antigens).
Possesses Antioxidant properties.
Ursolic Acid helps to alleviate Enlarged Prostate.
Borneol, Bornyl Acetate, Camphor[4.5–24.5%],Cineole,Humulene,
Limonene, Linalool, Pinene, Salvene,Thujone (18–60%---Antimicrobial activity attributed to its thujone content), Thymol.
bitter principles Carnosol, Carnosic acid, and Rosmanol.
Apigenin and Luteolin derivatives
reduces the body’s
endogenous production of Uric Acid (by inhibiting the Xanthine Oxidase
enzyme):-It is noteworthy that Uric Acid also has various therapeutic
benefits and is primarily toxic only when produced in excess, in which
case it can be a cause of Gout.
Catechin-type tannins (salviatannin)
1–3 g in 150 ml water, three times daily
Antifungal, Antigalactagogue, Anti-inflammatory, Antioxidant,
Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Antisudorific, Aromatic, Astringent, Cerebral
Tonic, Carminative, Choleretic, Emmenagogue, Expectorant, Diaphoretic,
Hypoglycemic, Nervine, Phytoestrogenic, Rejuvenative, Tonic, Vermifuge.
in the following internal illnesses
Anxiety, Blood Clots, Candida, Colds,
Congestion, Cystitis, Depression, Diabetes, Diarrhea, Dysmenorrhea,
Dyspepsia, Fever, Flatulence, Flu, Hot Flashes, Indigestion, Insomnia,
Laryngitis, Lymphatic Congestion, Memory Loss, Menopause, Migraine,
Night Sweats, Profuse Perspiration, Rheumatism, Spermatorrhea,
Sage tends to have a drying effect and has even been
used for excessive saliva production in those with Parkinson's Disease.
It also helps women who have excessive menses.
Health Benefits of Sage
Sage contains precursors for the production of Adrenal Hormones.
Sage helps to prevent abnormal Blood Clotting.
Sage prevents and treats Heart Attacks.
Sage (tea used as a gargle) alleviates Halitosis.
Sage reduces Perspiration.
Sage reduces Fevers.
Sage alleviates Fatigue.
Sage stimulates the regrowth of (regenerates) Liver tissue.
Sage reduces excessive Mucous discharges.
Sage inhibits the production of Acetylcholinesterase (the enzyme
that accelerates the destruction of Acetylcholine) thus increases
Concentration ability, improves memory and increases alertness.
Sage (vapors from oil inhaled) may help to inhibit the further
progression of Alzheimer’s Disease (by inhibiting the
Sage (tea) alleviates Laryngitis.
Sage (tea) alleviates Tonsillitis.
Sage (tea) alleviates Pharyngitis (sore throat).
Poultice of fresh leaves for insect bites and
wounds. Gargle for mouth sores, laryngitis, sore throat, sore gums and
Wash for eczema, poison ivy or oak and psoriasis. Douche for
Facial steam, breath freshening toothpaste ingredient.
Fresh leaves are rubbed on teeth as a whitening agent. Used in
deodorants as an antiperspirant.
Dried herb is burned for purification of negative energy.
Leaves have traditionally been smoked to relieve asthma.
It helps promote mental alertness just by smelling the leaves and
has long been used by students cramming for tests.
External Medicinal Use
Asthma, Dandruff, Eczema, Gingivitis, Gray
Hair, Insect Bites, Laryngitis, Leukorrhea, Mouth Sores, Oily Scalp,
Poison Ivy, Poison Oak, Psoriasis, Sore Throat, Tonsillitis, Wounds
Sage (strong infusion applied topically to the hair) disguises
Sage (infusion applied topically to the scalp) sometimes stimulates Hair
Sage alleviates ailments of the Gums.
Sage alleviates the Itching associated with Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1
Sage (crushed leaves applied topically as a poultice) alleviates the
Itching and Inflammation of Insect Bites.
Sage (tea applied topically) temporarily alleviates Itching.
Sage (tea applied topically) alleviates the Itching associated
with Shingles and Psoriasis.
Contra indications and side effect
Epileptics may be adversely affected by the
thujone content and should avoid large doses of Sage.
Use During Pregnancy And Lactation.
Not recommended during pregnancy.
May cause milk to dry up during lactation.
Interactions with Other Drugs.None
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